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How to Write a Killer Essay: The Conclusion

Updated: May 5, 2019


Easy Steps to Writing a Conclusion.

The conclusion is the most critical portion of the essay. It is your last impression – the impression that stays with the reader. The goal of the conclusion is to make your essay memorable, but more importantly, to trigger a thought, action or behaviour in your reader.

Read our 4 easy steps to writing a conclusion.

Step 1: Start with a summarizing clause

It is crucial for the reader to know the essay is ending as readers need closure.

Sample summarizing clauses: All in all ..., In the end …, After considering all the evidence…

Step 2: Re-state your thesis

The conclusion must refer to the thesis from your introduction as it brings your essay full circle. However, to show growth, the writer should re-state the thesis with a novel slant. So, do not just pull out a thesaurus and change a few words; the new thesis should have a different structure.


Thesis: Children with a 95% average in school should be given daily free periods to develop a community project.

Poorly re-stated thesis: Kids on the honour roll should have extra time to create community assignments.

Re-stated thesis: High-achieving students are the future, by giving them opportunities to change the world, everyone benefits.

Step 3: Summarize the essay’s main points

Summarize your strongest points. This is the third and final time your readers hear your arguments (preview points in the introduction, expanded point in the body and summary point in the conclusion). This repetition is necessary to drive home your message.

Step 4: Scope expander

The scope expander makes your essay memorable. It tells the reader why your thesis matters. It answers the question: what is the next step?

The scope expander is often the most challenging part of the conclusion to craft. Quills and Quotes will give you easy scope expander starters, samples and tips.

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